Group seminar at MPQ and Zoom: Superfluid fraction of a dipolar supersolid: from rotations to self-induced Josephson effect

February 01, 2024

Giulio Biagioni, University of Florence, Italy
Group seminar at MPQ lecture hall and Zoom
Thursday, February 1 at 09:00am (MEZ)

Abstract: The supersolid is an exotic quantum phase of matter featuring both superfluid and crystal-like properties. It was predicted long ago that the superfluid response of a supersolid should be reduced compared to a standard superfluid due to the competing crystal order. The so-called superfluid fraction quantifies this effect, ranging from 1 for a full superfluid to 0 for a classical crystal. I will show our recent experiments aimed to probe the sub-unity superfluid fraction of a supersolid realized in a dipolar Bose-Einstein condensate. Studying the rotational response of the supersolid, we measured its moment of inertia and we demonstrated its non-classical behavior. To measure quantitatively the superfluid fraction, we excited Josephson oscillations between different supersolid sites, demonstrating that it can behave as a self-induced Josephson junction. From the observed Josephson dynamics, we extracted the superfluid fraction, which we can tune from 1 to about 0.1 controlling the interactions. I will also discuss future experiments in annular geometries.

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