Group Seminar at MPQ and via Zoom: Atomic spin-controlled non-reciprocal Raman amplification of fiber-guided light

June 23, 2022

Sebastian Pucher, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Group Seminar in MPQ lecture hall & via video conference (Zoom)
Thursday, June 23, 9.00 am (MEZ)


In a non-reciprocal optical amplifier, gain depends on whether the light propagates forwards or backwards through the device. Typically, one requires either the magneto-optical effect, temporal modulation or optical nonlinearity to break reciprocity. By contrast, here we demonstrate non-reciprocal amplification of fiber-guided light using Raman gain provided by spin-polarized atoms that are coupled to the nanofibre waist of a tapered fiber section. The non-reciprocal response originates from the propagation-direction-dependent local polarization of the nanofibre-guided mode in conjunction with polarization-dependent atom–light coupling. We show that this novel mechanism can also be implemented without an external magnetic field and that it allows us to fully control the direction of amplification via the atomic spin state.Our results may simplify the construction of complex optical networks.Moreover, by using other suitable quantum emitters, our scheme could be implemented in photonic integrated circuits and circuit quantum electrodynamics.

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