Group Seminar via Zoom: Reconstructing complex states of a 20-qubit quantum simulator

May 24, 2022

Murali Krishna Kurmapu, University of Oxford
Group Seminar via video conference (Zoom)
Tuesday, May 24, 10:15 am (MEZ)


A prerequisite to the successful development of quantum computers and simulators is precise understanding of physical processes occurring therein, which can be achieved by measuring the quantum states they produce. However, the resources required for traditional quantum-state estimation scale exponentially with the system size, highlighting the need for alternative approaches. Here we demonstrate an efficient method for complete characterization of complex multi-qubit quantum states. Using a variational version of the matrix product state Ansatz, we perform the full tomography of quantum states produced in a 20-qubit trapped-ion Ising-type quantum simulator, using the data acquired in only 27 bases with 1000 measurements in each basis. We observe superior state reconstruction quality and faster convergence compared to methods based on neural network quantum state representations: restricted Boltzmann machines and feedforward neural networks with autoregressive architecture. Our results pave the way towards efficient experimental characterization of complex states produced by the dynamics of many-body quantum systems.

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