Friday, 11 March, 2011
Group Seminar: Emulating Quantum Magnetism and t--J Models in Systems of Ultracold Polar Molecules
Friday, 11.03.2011 10 a.m. (s.t.) in H107, Fakultät für Physik LMU
Dr. Salvatore Manmana, Rey Theory Group, JILA
In contrast to atomic systems, strong electric dipole-dipole interactions in systems of ultracold polar molecules open the way to directly emulate spin Hamiltonians at temperatures of the order of nK, realizable in current experiments. At unit filling of the lattice, this leads to $S=1/2$ XXZ-type of Hamiltonians, while below unit filling a highly tunable generalization of the $t-J$ model is obtained which we refer to as the $t-J-V-W$ model. In addition to the long-range dipolar interactions of XXZ type ($J_z$ and $J_\perp$) present at unit filling, density-density interactions $V$ and a novel density-spin interaction $W$ are obtained.
These interaction terms can all be tuned independently of the tunneling $t$ in magnitude as well as in sign. The `spin' degrees of freedom are realized by addressing two rotational degrees of freedom of the molecules, while the interactions are controlled by applying static electric and continuous-wave microwave fields. Using the DMRG we obtain the phase diagram for the experimentally relevant case $J_z=V=W=0$ in 1D and find that at low filling superconductivity is enhanced compared to the usual $t-J$ model. At intermediate filling, the numerical results indicate the presence of a new phase with finite spin-gap, dominant superconducting correlation functions, but Luttinger parameter K<1 resembling repulsive interactions. We discuss the possibility to use Bloch oscillations for the characterization of the different ground states in non-equilibrium experiments on optical lattices.